School is out! How to keep your child’s eyes healthy during summer

Photo courtesy of Andrew Eick on Flickr

Photo courtesy of Andrew Eick on Flickr

A few weeks ago we published a blog about how important it is for our children to spend time outdoors to prevent myopia. ‎

Being outdoors is great for helping to prevent nearsightedness and for exercising our eye focusing muscles, but you may wonder what else you need to do to make sure your child’s eyes stay healthy through the summer.

A few things come to mind.  It has become very common practice to never let our children leave the house with out sun protection: Sunblock, hats, UV blocking clothes and bathing suits. But, what is less common is remembering sunglasses for UV protection for the eyes.  Kids playing outdoors in the sun are exposing the lenses of their eyes and their retinas to harmful UV radiation.  Additionally, their lenses are so young that they do not block UV as well as adult lenses thus sending more UV to the retina.  UV damage to the lens and retina can by a cause of early cataracts and Macular Degeneration.  When buying sunglasses for kids, make sure that they are UV blocking and polarized if possible to reduce glare when around water. More information about children and sunglasses can also be found here.

Next, swim goggles are a good idea for the pool to help keep chlorine out of the eyes.  Chlorine can cause redness, burning, and blurry vision as well.  An added bonus would be swim goggles with a little tint or UV protection as well. If your child experiences these symptoms after playing in the pool, ask your eye doctor what eye drops are right to use to help.

Lastly, the use of sports goggles for eye protection during sports activities is also a must for eye injury prevention while playing soccer, baseball and any other outdoor sports.  For more information about preventing eye injury this summer, here is another great resource.

Enjoy your summer, enjoy the outdoors and the sunshine and stay eye healthy and safe!

~Lisa Weiss, OD, FAAO
California Optometric Association
http://eyehelp.org

http://www.coavision.org

 

 

 

 

The vision problem affecting 1 in 5 school children

Chronic underfunding, overcrowded classrooms, run down schools, and shortage of textbooks and resources are some of the school issues that grab the headlines.

Yet, there’s a problem in our schools that affects an estimated 15-20% of our children and receives virtually no publicity. It’s a problem that is as acute in affluent communities as in the inner city.

The problem is our children’s vision. I’m saddened to report that there are millions of school-aged children in the U.S. who have vision problems that are interfering with their ability to learn. Unfortunately, the vast majority of them, their parents, and their teachers are unaware of the problem.

In too many cases, I have seen these undiagnosed vision problems create a cycle of despair. A child is labeled as a “slow learner,” receives special attention, yet shows little progress if the underlying vision problems are not treated.

Courtesy of MDGovpics on Flickr

Courtesy of MDGovpics on Flickr

In other less severe cases, I have seen problems linger as life-long “nuisances”- hindering the productivity and job satisfaction of successful executives, attorneys, actors, and other professionals.

How is it that so many of these problems can go undetected? There are three main reasons:

  1. Inadequate vision testing – The typical vision test given at schools (usually administered by the school nurse), and general eye doctors’ offices (that do not specialize in developmental vision) primarily only evaluate distance vision and eye health. Near vision tests, which determine if a child can read a book up-close, are often overlooked. More complex vision skills that are necessary to read effectively, such as eye tracking and teaming, are very rarely tested.
  2. Poor vision skills are “silent” ailments – A child cannot tell if he is seeing clearly because he cannot objectively compare his vision skills with others. By the same token, a parent or teacher cannot assess how a child is seeing because they cannot see through the child’s eyes.

No matter how poor a student’s vision skills, it is all that he or she has known. I have seen extreme cases where a child with double vision has never reported this to her parents because she thought everyone saw like this. Consequently, it is especially important that parents and teachers are aware of the behavioral signs that indicate a possible vision problem.

Signs of vision problems include:

  • School or sports performance below potential
  • Resistance to school work and homework
  • Slow reader or test taker
  • Clumsy catching a ball
  • Words go in and out of focus
  • Rubs eyes while reading
  • Covers an eye while reading
  • Uses finger to keep place reading after the 2nd grade
  • Moves reading material closer or further away to see it better
  • Short attention span on visual activities
  • Poor penmanship, doesn’t stay on the line
  1. Lack of public awareness-
    • The fact that proper vision is the learned mastery of variety of skills is not widely understood. Most people assume that visual skills naturally develop, when in fact, for approximately 20% of people these skills do not develop fully by themselves.
    • Fortunately, most people with these vision problems can be helped through a program of Vision training. A Vision training (VT) program builds and enhances deficient visual motor and perceptual skills step by step.

I am hoping that we will reach a time when poor vision skills are eliminated as a reason why many of our children are not performing to their potential in school and sports. This begins with one child at a time, and one developmental vision exam  at a time.

~Elise Brisco, OD

California Optometric Association

http://www.coavision.org

It’s just the FACTS: Vision & Learning Go Hand in Hand

August has been recognized as the Vision & Learning month.  It would seem appropriate since many children return to school in August or shortly thereafter.  In addition to getting new clothes and supplies for our kids, this yearly routine should spur us to take our children in for a comprehensive eye and vision examination.

Vision is a highly complex and intricate process.  So, it is not surprising that reading and learning is dependent on not only having excellent 20/20 vision, but also accurate eye movement, eye focusing, eye teaming, and visual motor skills.

It’s just the plain ole fact that there is a direct correlation between vision and learning.

Courtesy of woodleywonderworks on Flickr

Courtesy of woodleywonderworks on Flickr

Did you know that…

  • “25% of students in grades K-6 have visual problems that are serious enough to impede learning.” – American Public Health Association
  • Approximately “80% of children with a learning disability have an  undiagnosed vision problem.”– Vision Council of America
  • “1 in 4 children has an undiagnosed vision problem which can interfere with learning and lead to academic and/or behavioral problems.”  – College of Optometrists in Vision Development
  • Studies show that “children who had visual perceptual and eye movement difficulties did poorly on standardized tests.” – Dr. Lynn Hellerstein, FAAO, FCOVD, Past President of COVD
  • “When vision problems go undetected, children almost invariably have  trouble reading and doing their schoolwork.  They often a display fatigue, fidgeting and frustrations in the classroom – traits that can lead to a misdiagnosis of dyslexia or other learning disabilities.” – American Optometric Association
  • A “child with a vision based learning problem has excellent verbal skills, causing parent and educators to think the child must be lazy, have ADD/ADHD, or is learning disabled.”
    – College of Optometrists in Vision Development

A cursory vision screening is just not enough to detect vision-related learning difficulties.  Early prevention of a child’s vision problem is so important for school readiness, learning and academic success.  So make it an integral part of your child’s back-to-school preparations.  Buy school supplies, outfit your child with new clothes, and most important, take your child to see a doctor of optometry for a thorough eye and vision examination.

~Judy Tong, OD, FAAO

(Special thanks to my colleagues Drs. Carmen Barnhardt, Eric Borsting, Ray Chu, and Rebekah Louie.)

Getting children ready to go back to school

Summer seems to have just started, but the new school year is only a month away. Many of us get ready for this time by making sure our kids have the right clothes, books and school supplies to start the year off right, but we forget to make sure that our kid’s eyes are working well so that learning in school is easy, comfortable, and fun!

The back to school season is a great time to schedule your child’s eye health and vision exam. Optometrists are able to make sure that not only is your child seeing as clear  as possible, but that all of their other visual skills are working properly to handle the demands of the new school year.

"Reading is Fun" Photo Courtesy of John-Morgan on Flickr

“Reading is Fun” Photo Courtesy of John-Morgan on Flickr

The following are some of the important visual skills necessary for learning in the classroom:

  • Visual acuity — The ability to see clearly at any distance. Seeing 20/20 is only one portion of all of the visual skills necessary for classroom success, but sometimes the only area that is assessed by typical “vision screenings.”
  • Eye Tracking — The ability to follow with the eyes a slow moving object such as the teacher moving around the front of the classroom and the ability for the eyes to follow along a line of print while reading without skipping or re-reading
  • Focusing Flexibility- the eyes ability to maintain focus on objects in the distance and at near as well as shift focus quickly from point to point.
  • Eye teaming — The skill needed to aim both eyes together at the same time.  This is a needed skill for lining the eyes up while reading across of page of print and also to have the very high level of depth perception needed for sports.
  • Eye-hand coordination — The skill needed to coordinate the visual system and the motor system when writing, copying, or playing sports.
  • Visual perception — The skill needed to sort, understand and remember information that is coming into the visual system.

Making sure all of these areas are working at the highest level will help ensure that your child has a successful school year.

~By Lisa Weiss, OD, FAAO