Eye protection: three ways you can protect your eyes

Photo courtesy of StoneHouseSigns.com

Photo courtesy of StoneHouseSigns.com

For many people, eye protection is an afterthought until an unfortunate event occurs. Your local optometrist will be happy to help you if an injury occurs, but you can save yourself significant aggravation by shielding your eyes from a potential injury.

Consider the following three scenarios:

1. You spent a beautiful day skiing on the slopes. The day was special due to fresh powder, clear blue skies, and laughter with friends. While reflecting on the day later that evening, you start to notice eye pain and your vision becomes blurry.

2. It’s Saturday morning, and you are rushing to clean the house before some guests arrive. While scrubbing a toilet, some of the water splashes up into your eye. The water had been mixed with toilet bowl cleaner. You notice an immediate burning sensation and blurry vision.

3. Spring has inspired you to do some yard-work. You start by trimming hedges and branches that have become over-grown during the winter months. One of the branches unexpectedly falls toward your face, scratching your eye before it lands on the ground. Your eye is tearing profusely and you are in tremendous pain.

In each of these three cases, the person will need to seek medical attention from an eye doctor for resolution. More important, all three of these injuries would have been avoided with proper protective eyewear.

In the first case, the eye was burned by harmful ultraviolent wavelengths (UV) of light. The eyes can be shielded from harmful UV ray by choosing lenses which block these wavelengths. Be sure to keep this fact in mind next time you shop for sunglasses. Recent studies are also demonstrating that our eye can be damaged by the rays emitted by computer, phone, and tablet screens. Your optometrist can help guide your choices to ensure the proper combination of protection and function.

The second case involved an alkaline chemical burn. Even when the eye is flushed and treated properly, the burn results in significant pain and the potential for permanent scarring. A simple pair of safety lenses can shield your eyes from this type of injury.

Finally, the tree branch in the third example caused a corneal abrasion. Tremendous pain and risk of infection are associated with corneal abrasions. There are endless scenarios in which an airborne object can cause an injury to the eye or to the tissues surrounding the eyes. The injuries can be superficial abrasions or scratches as described in the yard-work example, or they can involve blunt force injuries such as impact with a ball while playing a sport. Certain occupations such as automobile mechanics, construction workers, and machine operators involve an especially high risk for eye injuries due to the nature of their work. Safety glasses can protect you from industrial injuries when engaging in these activities.

The Occupational Safety and Health Association (OSHA) has set federal standards for safety eyewear in the workplace, and employers are required to provide proper protection for employees whose jobs involve exposure to eye health hazards. Employers will provide eyewear which incorporates the employee’s spectacle prescription if needed. There are frame and lens requirements designated by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) which will ensure that the safety glasses provided by your employer meet the standards for adequate protection.

If you are unsure what to wear for a specific activity, be sure to seek guidance from your optometrist. We enjoy educating our patients and we can demonstrate proper protection in our offices. Last but not least, please don’t hesitate to call your optometrist if you experience an eye injury. Although we prefer to help you avoid the injury altogether, we will certainly guide you through the healing process as quickly as possible.

~ Lisa Heuer, O.D.
California Optometric Association
http://www.coavision.org
http://www.eyehelp.org

School is out! How to keep your child’s eyes healthy during summer

Photo courtesy of Andrew Eick on Flickr

Photo courtesy of Andrew Eick on Flickr

A few weeks ago we published a blog about how important it is for our children to spend time outdoors to prevent myopia. ‎

Being outdoors is great for helping to prevent nearsightedness and for exercising our eye focusing muscles, but you may wonder what else you need to do to make sure your child’s eyes stay healthy through the summer.

A few things come to mind.  It has become very common practice to never let our children leave the house with out sun protection: Sunblock, hats, UV blocking clothes and bathing suits. But, what is less common is remembering sunglasses for UV protection for the eyes.  Kids playing outdoors in the sun are exposing the lenses of their eyes and their retinas to harmful UV radiation.  Additionally, their lenses are so young that they do not block UV as well as adult lenses thus sending more UV to the retina.  UV damage to the lens and retina can by a cause of early cataracts and Macular Degeneration.  When buying sunglasses for kids, make sure that they are UV blocking and polarized if possible to reduce glare when around water. More information about children and sunglasses can also be found here.

Next, swim goggles are a good idea for the pool to help keep chlorine out of the eyes.  Chlorine can cause redness, burning, and blurry vision as well.  An added bonus would be swim goggles with a little tint or UV protection as well. If your child experiences these symptoms after playing in the pool, ask your eye doctor what eye drops are right to use to help.

Lastly, the use of sports goggles for eye protection during sports activities is also a must for eye injury prevention while playing soccer, baseball and any other outdoor sports.  For more information about preventing eye injury this summer, here is another great resource.

Enjoy your summer, enjoy the outdoors and the sunshine and stay eye healthy and safe!

~Lisa Weiss, OD, FAAO
California Optometric Association
http://eyehelp.org

http://www.coavision.org

 

 

 

 

Quick Tips for Sports Vision

To do well in sports, you need to have your eyes working at the top of their game. Here are a few quick tips to help you or your athlete perform better:

  • Make sure you have a proper prescription on, whether it is contact lenses or glasses. Having your vision dialed in correctly is the most important step to get your eyes working their best.
  • Be sure to protect your eyes! Polycarbonate or other protective plastic lenses can keep your eyes protected while you play as well as keeping dust or wind from getting in your eyes while you play the sports you love. This table can help you determine which types of eye protection are best for the sport you play. (http://www.allaboutvision.com/sportsvision/eyewear.htm )

    Photo Courtesy of Morgan Burke on Flickr

    Photo Courtesy of Morgan Burke on Flickr

  • Consider color filters for your field of play. Certain types of filters or tints can increase your contrast sensitivity and thereby increase your reaction times. Allaboutvision.com has an excellent table for different tints to help in different sports (http://www.allaboutvision.com/sportsvision/lens-tints-chart.htm ). Remember, the faster you can recognize that curve ball, the easier it will be to adjust your swing!

~Ranjeet S. Bajwa, OD